linux下安装lsb_release与命令所在安装包查找方法

1、lsb_release命令用来查看当前系统的发行版信息(prints certain LSB (Linux Standard Base) and Distribution information.)。有了这个命令就可以清楚的知道到底是RedHat的、还是别的发行版,还有具体的版本号,比如3.4还是5.4等等。有些系统上不一定安装了这个命令,可以通过查看/etc/issue文件得到发行版信息。

  • [root@localhost linux-3.18.26]# cat /etc/issue
  • CentOS release 6.6 (Final)
  • Kernel \r on an \m

2、但一般这个命令用习惯了,如果没有我们可以安装一下。具体步骤如下:
2.1)查找哪个源包含这个命令

  • [root@localhost linux-3.18.26]# yum provides */lsb_release
  • Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
  • Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
  • redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64 : LSB base libraries support for CentOS
  • Repo : ustack_custom_products
  • Matched from:
  • Filename : /usr/bin/lsb_release

2.2)从上面的输出可以看到redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64这个package包含这个命令,那就安装这个包。

  • 64ot@localhost linux-3.18.26]# yum install redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_
  • Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
  • Setting up Install Process
  • Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
  • Resolving Dependencies
  • --> Running transaction check
  • ---> Package redhat-lsb-core.x86_64 0:4.0-7.el6.centos will be installed
  • --> Processing Dependency: perl-Test-Simple for package: redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64
  • --> Processing Dependency: perl-Test-Harness for package: redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64
  • --> Processing Dependency: perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker for package: redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64
  • --> Processing Dependency: perl-CGI for package: redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64
  • --> Processing Dependency: /usr/bin/time for package: redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64
  • --> Processing Dependency: /usr/bin/pax for package: redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64
  • --> Processing Dependency: /usr/bin/patch for package: redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64
  • --> Processing Dependency: /usr/bin/msgfmt for package: redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64
  • --> Processing Dependency: /usr/bin/man for package: redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64
  • --> Processing Dependency: /usr/bin/batch for package: redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64
  • --> Processing Dependency: /usr/bin/at for package: redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64
  • --> Processing Dependency: /bin/mailx for package: redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64
  • --> Processing Dependency: /bin/gettext for package: redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64
  • --> Processing Dependency: /bin/ed for package: redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64
  • --> Running transaction check
  • ---> Package at.x86_64 0:3.1.10-43.el6_2.1 will be installed
  • ---> Package ed.x86_64 0:1.1-3.3.el6 will be installed
  • ---> Package gettext.x86_64 0:0.17-16.el6 will be installed
  • --> Processing Dependency: cvs for package: gettext-0.17-16.el6.x86_64
  • ---> Package mailx.x86_64 0:12.4-7.el6 will be installed
  • ---> Package man.x86_64 0:1.6f-32.el6 will be installed
  • --> Processing Dependency: lzma for package: man-1.6f-32.el6.x86_64
  • ---> Package patch.x86_64 0:2.6-6.el6 will be installed
  • ---> Package pax.x86_64 0:3.4-10.1.el6 will be installed
  • ---> Package perl-CGI.x86_64 0:3.51-131.el6_4 will be installed
  • ---> Package perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker.x86_64 0:6.55-131.el6_4 will be installed
  • --> Processing Dependency: perl-devel for package: perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker-6.55-131.el6_4.x86_64
  • ---> Package perl-Test-Harness.x86_64 0:3.17-131.el6_4 will be installed
  • ---> Package perl-Test-Simple.x86_64 0:0.92-131.el6_4 will be installed
  • ---> Package time.x86_64 0:1.7-37.1.el6 will be installed
  • --> Running transaction check
  • ---> Package cvs.x86_64 0:1.11.23-15.el6 will be installed
  • ---> Package perl-devel.x86_64 4:5.10.1-131.el6_4 will be installed
  • --> Processing Dependency: perl(ExtUtils::ParseXS) for package: 4:perl-devel-5.10.1-131.el6_4.x86_64
  • ---> Package xz-lzma-compat.x86_64 0:4.999.9-0.5.beta.20091007git.el6 will be installed
  • --> Running transaction check
  • ---> Package perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS.x86_64 1:2.2003.0-131.el6_4 will be installed
  • --> Finished Dependency Resolution
  • Dependencies Resolved
  • ================================================================================
  • Package Arch Version Repository Size
  • ================================================================================
  • Installing:
  • redhat-lsb-core x86_64 4.0-7.el6.centos ustack_custom_products 25 k
  • Installing for dependencies:
  • at x86_64 3.1.10-43.el6_2.1 ustack_custom_products 60 k
  • cvs x86_64 1.11.23-15.el6 ustack_custom_products 711 k
  • ed x86_64 1.1-3.3.el6 ustack_custom_products 72 k
  • gettext x86_64 0.17-16.el6 ustack_custom_products 1.8 M
  • mailx x86_64 12.4-7.el6 ustack_custom_products 235 k
  • man x86_64 1.6f-32.el6 ustack_custom_products 263 k
  • patch x86_64 2.6-6.el6 ustack_custom_products 90 k
  • pax x86_64 3.4-10.1.el6 ustack_custom_products 69 k
  • perl-CGI x86_64 3.51-131.el6_4 ustack_custom_products 208 k
  • perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker
  • x86_64 6.55-131.el6_4 ustack_custom_products 292 k
  • perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS x86_64 1:2.2003.0-131.el6_4 ustack_custom_products 44 k
  • perl-Test-Harness x86_64 3.17-131.el6_4 ustack_custom_products 230 k
  • perl-Test-Simple x86_64 0.92-131.el6_4 ustack_custom_products 111 k
  • perl-devel x86_64 4:5.10.1-131.el6_4 ustack_custom_products 421 k
  • time x86_64 1.7-37.1.el6 ustack_custom_products 26 k
  • xz-lzma-compat x86_64 4.999.9-0.5.beta.20091007git.el6
  • ustack_custom_products 16 k
  • Transaction Summary
  • ================================================================================
  • Install 17 Package(s)
  • Total download size: 4.6 M
  • Installed size: 12 M
  • Is this ok [y/N]: y
  • Downloading Packages:
  • (1/17): at-3.1.10-43.el6_2.1.x86_64.rpm | 60 kB 00:00
  • (2/17): cvs-1.11.23-15.el6.x86_64.rpm | 711 kB 00:00
  • (3/17): ed-1.1-3.3.el6.x86_64.rpm | 72 kB 00:00
  • (4/17): gettext-0.17-16.el6.x86_64.rpm | 1.8 MB 00:00
  • (5/17): mailx-12.4-7.el6.x86_64.rpm | 235 kB 00:00
  • (6/17): man-1.6f-32.el6.x86_64.rpm | 263 kB 00:00
  • (7/17): patch-2.6-6.el6.x86_64.rpm | 90 kB 00:00
  • (8/17): pax-3.4-10.1.el6.x86_64.rpm | 69 kB 00:00
  • (9/17): perl-CGI-3.51-131.el6_4.x86_64.rpm | 208 kB 00:00
  • (10/17): perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker-6.55-131.el6_4.x86_64.r | 292 kB 00:00
  • (11/17): perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS-2.2003.0-131.el6_4.x86_64 | 44 kB 00:00
  • (12/17): perl-Test-Harness-3.17-131.el6_4.x86_64.rpm | 230 kB 00:00
  • (13/17): perl-Test-Simple-0.92-131.el6_4.x86_64.rpm | 111 kB 00:00
  • (14/17): perl-devel-5.10.1-131.el6_4.x86_64.rpm | 421 kB 00:00
  • (15/17): redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64.rpm | 25 kB 00:00
  • (16/17): time-1.7-37.1.el6.x86_64.rpm | 26 kB 00:00
  • (17/17): xz-lzma-compat-4.999.9-0.5.beta.20091007git.el6 | 16 kB 00:00
  • --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  • Total 2.7 MB/s | 4.6 MB 00:01
  • Running rpm_check_debug
  • Running Transaction Test
  • Transaction Test Succeeded
  • Running Transaction
  • Installing : 1:perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS-2.2003.0-131.el6_4.x86_64 1/17
  • Installing : 4:perl-devel-5.10.1-131.el6_4.x86_64 2/17
  • Installing : perl-Test-Harness-3.17-131.el6_4.x86_64 3/17
  • Installing : perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker-6.55-131.el6_4.x86_64 4/17
  • Installing : perl-Test-Simple-0.92-131.el6_4.x86_64 5/17
  • Installing : at-3.1.10-43.el6_2.1.x86_64 6/17
  • Installing : time-1.7-37.1.el6.x86_64 7/17
  • Installing : cvs-1.11.23-15.el6.x86_64 8/17
  • Installing : gettext-0.17-16.el6.x86_64 9/17
  • Installing : perl-CGI-3.51-131.el6_4.x86_64 10/17
  • Installing : pax-3.4-10.1.el6.x86_64 11/17
  • Installing : patch-2.6-6.el6.x86_64 12/17
  • Installing : mailx-12.4-7.el6.x86_64 13/17
  • Installing : xz-lzma-compat-4.999.9-0.5.beta.20091007git.el6.x86_64 14/17
  • Installing : man-1.6f-32.el6.x86_64 15/17
  • Installing : ed-1.1-3.3.el6.x86_64 16/17
  • Installing : redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64 17/17
  • Verifying : man-1.6f-32.el6.x86_64 1/17
  • Verifying : perl-Test-Harness-3.17-131.el6_4.x86_64 2/17
  • Verifying : ed-1.1-3.3.el6.x86_64 3/17
  • Verifying : xz-lzma-compat-4.999.9-0.5.beta.20091007git.el6.x86_64 4/17
  • Verifying : 1:perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS-2.2003.0-131.el6_4.x86_64 5/17
  • Verifying : redhat-lsb-core-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64 6/17
  • Verifying : perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker-6.55-131.el6_4.x86_64 7/17
  • Verifying : mailx-12.4-7.el6.x86_64 8/17
  • Verifying : patch-2.6-6.el6.x86_64 9/17
  • Verifying : gettext-0.17-16.el6.x86_64 10/17
  • Verifying : pax-3.4-10.1.el6.x86_64 11/17
  • Verifying : perl-CGI-3.51-131.el6_4.x86_64 12/17
  • Verifying : cvs-1.11.23-15.el6.x86_64 13/17
  • Verifying : time-1.7-37.1.el6.x86_64 14/17
  • Verifying : perl-Test-Simple-0.92-131.el6_4.x86_64 15/17
  • Verifying : at-3.1.10-43.el6_2.1.x86_64 16/17
  • Verifying : 4:perl-devel-5.10.1-131.el6_4.x86_64 17/17
  • Installed:
  • redhat-lsb-core.x86_64 0:4.0-7.el6.centos
  • Dependency Installed:
  • at.x86_64 0:3.1.10-43.el6_2.1
  • cvs.x86_64 0:1.11.23-15.el6
  • ed.x86_64 0:1.1-3.3.el6
  • gettext.x86_64 0:0.17-16.el6
  • mailx.x86_64 0:12.4-7.el6
  • man.x86_64 0:1.6f-32.el6
  • patch.x86_64 0:2.6-6.el6
  • pax.x86_64 0:3.4-10.1.el6
  • perl-CGI.x86_64 0:3.51-131.el6_4
  • perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker.x86_64 0:6.55-131.el6_4
  • perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS.x86_64 1:2.2003.0-131.el6_4
  • perl-Test-Harness.x86_64 0:3.17-131.el6_4
  • perl-Test-Simple.x86_64 0:0.92-131.el6_4
  • perl-devel.x86_64 4:5.10.1-131.el6_4
  • time.x86_64 0:1.7-37.1.el6
  • xz-lzma-compat.x86_64 0:4.999.9-0.5.beta.20091007git.el6
  • Complete!

2.3)验证命令。

  • [root@localhost linux-3.18.26]# lsb_release -a
  • LSB Version: :base-4.0-amd64:base-4.0-noarch:core-4.0-amd64:core-4.0-noarch
  • Distributor ID: CentOS
  • Description: CentOS release 6.6 (Final)
  • Release:

通过这个指令: yum provides */lsb_release 、我们能根据指令、来反向查找对应的安装包

未经允许不得转载:大自然的搬运工 » linux下安装lsb_release与命令所在安装包查找方法

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